Birch is the name of a certain tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. It is a medium-sized tree with a single trunk that quickly branches out into a pyramid shape. It is one of the only truly heat-tolerant birches. The male and female flowers of birches, called catkins, exist on the same tree. The trees are slender, with their trunks not normally exceeding a diameter of 40 cm. Shiny, red-brown bark and yellow foliage make this an attractive tree for lawns and naturalized areas. White birch, any of several species of ornamental and timber trees of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae. White Birch. Also known as Weeping birch or European white birch, the sliver birch was once used extensively in landscapes, but its high susceptibility to the bronze birch borer has limited its use in more recent years. at breast height. The Silver birch has an attractive pendulous habit and distinctive white bark that peels away in papery strips. The ornamental interest of Himalayan birch includes pretty spring flowers, rich yellow fall color, and bright white papery bark. To view each birch tree image in full size, just click on the photo you like to enlarge the tree picture.. Tree Types. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Water birch typically occurs along streams in mountainous regions, where it grows in dense thickets. When planted in residential landscapes, it grows well around bodies of water or in boggy areas. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. It may grow either as a single-trunk tree or a multi-trunk clumping tree. Birch bark turns lighter and peels off in sheets as the tree matures; aspen bark may become rough in older trees but does not peel off. It is found everywhere in Ontario except for along the shore of Hudson Bay. It also is known as the canoe birch or white birch. This compendium is provided for reference and is not the only source of relevant information that may be considered when making decisions about tree species feasibility and suitability. Four birch tree species (Betula costata, B. pendula, B. platyphylla, B. pubescens) are traditionally important resource species in Russia. Paper birch bark peels off the tree in long, narrow strips and exposes an inner bark that is orange in color. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 25 m (82 ft) high. Paper birch (Betula papyrifera) is also known as white birch or canoe birch. Birch is deciduous tree that belongs to the family Betulaceae. Betula platyphylla, commonly called Japanese white birch, is a medium to large sized tree noted for its white bark, thin spreading branches and slightly pendant branchlets. White birch is a medium-sized tree, with most in the wild growing to heights between 50 and 70 feet. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Other names for this tree include bog birch and arctic birch. Corrections? Buds, catkins and leaves along with twigs and bark are a source of food for birds and other wildlife. This species, also known as Asian white birch, is a medium to large tree with white bark and thin spreading branches that terminate in drooping branchlets. Gray birch bark does not come off the tree without much difficulty. Birch species are normally small to medium-size trees or shrubs, mostly of temperate climates and boreal zones of the northern hemisphere. The tree derives its name from its nature of easily peeling off, or flaking like a parchment of paper. It has distinctive salmon-pink to reddish-brown bark that exfoliates to reveal lighter inner bark providing year round interest in the landscape. There are about 60 different species of birch. The various species of birch trees in the Betula genus include at least 12 that are important landscape trees. Broadleaf trees have flowers that contain the reproductive organs, and … It is found in almost all countries having a temperate climate. The soft, yellowish- or reddish-white wood is commercially important in construction and in the manufacture of vehicles, furniture, and small articles such as spoons and snowshoes. Yellow birch, named for the color of its bark, is a relatively long-lived birch which typically grows 150 years and may even grow up to 300 years in old-growth forests. Broken twigs emit a spicy wintergreen fragrance and fermented sap is an ingredient in birch beer. The most abundant poplar, the eastern cottonwood, is more massive than any birch, as this cottonwood can grow to 100 feet and has a spreading canopy. Do not let this deter you though; these are magnificent trees and should definitely be considered for inclusion in your landscape. The simple leaves may be toothed or pointed. The dwarf birch is rarely planted in landscapes, but it is important cover vegetation in cold northern territories. Scopri quale personaggio del cinema rappresenta la tua vera natura di fundraiser. It may grow to a height of 15 m on light soils. This tree has other common names, including white-barked Himalayan birch and Jacquemonti birch. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Insect pests are most likely to strike a birch tree in areas where it is wounded or diseased. They now occupy most areas that were glaciated… Paper birch is not a large tree in Iowa and is used primarily for ornamental plantings. Flowering in April and May, the tree produces fruiting catkins from August through October and serves as a food source for deer, moose, rabbits and various birds. Birch trees thrive in moist soil and full sunlight. This tree also attracts beautiful butterflies to the landscape, but is resistant to the bronze birch borer which can devastate other species of birch. long (7 cm), with some golden-yellow fall color before they shed for the winter. Himalayan Birch (Betula utilis var. Birch trees, or Betula trees to use their Latin name, are favoured for their light, airy foliage and beautifully coloured peeling bark. The bark of the White Birch tree is white and easily peels in fine horizontal strips often with small black marks and scars. Unlike other birch trees, its bark does not peel. This tree is a source of food and lodge material for the common North American beaver. Color of the bark is commonly white and reddish-brown. Betula papyrifera (paper birch, also known as (American) white birch and canoe birch) is a short-lived species of birch native to northern North America. Most birches are characterized by distinctive bark with papery plates; the appearance of the bark often is the feature that gives the species its common names. This tree grows best in medium to wet, well-drained, sandy or rocky loam. It is a single-stemmed tree with yellow-bronze bark that peels in narrow horizontal strips. Regionally, the cherry birch may be called by other common names, including black birch, sweet birch, mahogany birch, Virginia roundleaf birch, or spice birch. It grows as single-trunk tree that gradually transforms from pyramidal in shape to a more rounded, oval crown. Furrowed : This bark is the most common type of bark out there, and this is what most people think of when you talk about tree bark. Birch Tree. It does not tolerate shade well. Bog birch is a medium-sized, short-lived, clump-forming shrub that thrives in wet sites. The bark is usually bright in colour, from red on very young stems to becoming white/silver with age. In young trees the bark is reddish-brown, but this changes to white as they mature. The name white birch also refers to paper birch. Leaves: Alternate, Simple, Toothed Many pine and spruce trees have scales of bark, while species like the black birch have thick, irregular plates on their trunks. River birch may also be known as red birch, black birch, or water birch. On a white birch, the male catkins often grow in threes and are up to 4 inches long, with the female catkins half as long. The white bark is most prominent on silver birch, where it is interspersed with conspicuous black patches. These mushrooms, Piptoporus betulinus, are found almost exclusively on birch trees. This is the best maple tree bark identification characteristic you can find out there. Fraxinus americana, White Ash; Fraxinus pennsylvanica, Green Ash; Fraxinus nigra, Black Ash; Magnolia spp., Magnolias; Quercus alba, White Oak; Quercus macrocarpa, Bur Oak; Quercus nigra, Water Oak; Quercus rubra, Northern Red Oak; Pinus elliottii, Slash Pine; Pinus strobus, Eastern White Pine; Taxodium distichum, Bald Cypress; Ulmus americana, American Elm The white birch is a medium sized tree that can grow up to 25 meters tall. Yellow birch may be known regionally as swamp birch, curly birch, gold birch, or hard birch. Updates? Also coming in a more trim trunk is the Japanese White Birch. Paper birch, (Betula papyrifera), ornamental, shade, and timber tree of the family...…. The mushrooms are round but connect to the tree at a narrow point, and so they often appear horseshoe-shaped. 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