This place is called Thermopylae by most of the Hellenes, but by the natives and … Book 1. Wow. Some submitted to Persia thinking they wouldn’t get hurt. The Persian Campaigns Against the Scythians. The History of Herodotus, parallel English/Greek, tr. Marching order and equipment of the Persian army (40-41). Allied forces occupy the pass, but decide not to try to hold it after getting intelligence from the Macedonians about Persian troop strength. The Odyssey: Book 7 Summary & Analysis Next. Book Summary: The Histories of Herodotus is now considered the founding work of history in Western literature. His hubristic dream of world domination. Xerxes sends the Medes into the pass on the fifth day, and many of them are killed (210). Sign up | Log in. 310: Book 7. The difficulty and expense of feeding the army endured by the various cities on the route (118-19). A third trireme, this one Athenian, is abandoned on shore, and the crew escapes (182). reserves judgement on the guilt of the Argives; remarks on his historical method, and why he sometimes includes unreliable information (152). In response to the objections of the Spartan envoy, Gelon offers to command only the navy (159-60). Rate this book. Herodotus, Greek author of the first great narrative history produced in the ancient world, the History of the Greco-Persian Wars. Histories Summary and Study Guide. Rivers are drunk dry by his troops (20-21). Book 6. If Xerxes fails, the servant is to return home with the gold undelivered. Title Page. 147: Book 4. Herodotus traveled extensively around the ancient world, conducting interviews and collecting stories for his book. Course Hero. 3: Book 2. Web. Demaratus, the ex-king of Sparta, supports the claim of Xerxes; Darius agrees. Online Books by. Herodotus, bk 7, logos 22. by Barnabe Rich (multiple formats at archive.org) Artabanus agrees, and tells Xerxes his moral philosophy; the true nature of dreams, which are not prophetic or divine, just mental images (16). Memory and Grief. A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes, characters, quotes, and essay topics. (155). Herodotus and Thucydides didn 't agree often on how history should be recorded, taught, and observed. If the Persians defeat the Greeks, the money is to be delivered. Herodotus Excerpts from Book VII of The Histories Translated and Edited by A.D. Godley, 1921-24 CCI. The dead on both sides include Leonidas and Persian nobles; Hdt. Xerxes reviews the troops on land and sea (100). Course Hero. Total cavalry said to number 80,000 (87). The battle of Thermopylae is filled with memorable anecdotes that have thrilled contemporary and later audiences. A prize is offered to the general who produces the best troops (8). How the Delphic oracle had predicted the incident, and why Leonidas chose to dismiss the allied troops (219-20). Book 6. Course Hero. A line drawing of the Internet Archive headquarters building façade. The fleet is the brainchild of Themistocles. Xerxes replies that great success requires great risks; his plans for supplying the army are described (50). Herodotus' Histories, book 7. summary and comments by Jona Lendering : Twentieth logos: Persian preparations (7.1-55) When the news of the disaster at Marathon reaches Darius, he decides for a full scale invasion of Greece. Now when the report came to Dareios the son of Hystaspes of the battle which was fought at Marathon, the king, who even before this had been greatly exasperated with the Athenians on account of the … Xerxes questions Demaratus: are all Spartans as good as these, and how numerous are they? Herodotus looked to history … A dream tells him he should invade, but he ignores it. ; 80 Red Sea islanders. Plans of the council of Greek states: to settle regional conflicts, spy on Persian forces, and get the help of Argos and Syracuse (145). King Xerxes lay encamped in Trachis in Malis and the Hellenes in the pass. Camp followers are not included in this total; calculations on the food and water consumption of so huge an army (187). Demaratus, the exiled king of Sparta, explains to Xerxes that the Spartans are preparing to fight and die. Read "The Histories Book 7 Polymnia" by Herodotus available from Rakuten Kobo. Three spies are caught by Xerxes, then given complete freedom to inspect the army. ; 77 Cabalians and Milians; 78 Moschians, etc. Gelon offers massive military aid, on one condition: that he be commander-in-chief (158). The Sagartian cavalry and their lasso use (85). This draft was made with great haste and has not be proofread. Herodotus of Halicarnassus (c.480-c.429 BCE): Greek researcher, often called the world's first historian. Enjoy this free preview Unlock all 99 pages of this Study Guide by subscribing today. Remarks on slander. Homer is cited in justification (161). The Modern Library version is very similiar, but it reflects editor updates. This place is called Thermopylae by most of the Hellenes, but by the natives and their neighbors Pylae. Herodotus of Halicarnassus (c.480-c.429 BCE): Greek researcher, often called the world's first historian. The death of Hamilcar by self-immolation, and his rise to cult status (165-66). He tells them about a secret path around the Greek lines that the Persians use to outflank the Greeks. Cf. Book 3. Histories Herodotus. Reactions of the Greeks to Xerxes' Invasion. Xerxes changes his mind, and decides not to invade. Persian troubles with a sunken reef (183). Herodotus' Histories, book 9. summary and comments by Jona Lendering: Twenty-sixth logos: the battle of Plataea (9.1-89) When Mardonius learns that the Athenians are not willing to come to terms, he mobilizes his army and marches to Athens. Clear rating. As new historical figure or locales are introduced into the narrative ... Read full review. Bizarre omens at the crossing are ignored by Xerxes (57). Ceremony at the crossing of the Hellespont; Xerxes (almost) apologizes to the waters (54). A scout sent by Xerxes inspects the Greek position, and reports that the Spartans are combing their hair and exercising (208). The voyage to Greece of Xerxes' army and fleet. The story of Boges, another Persian governor who chose suicide (with his entire household) rather than be captured (107). Gelon sends ships under Cadmus of Zancle to Delphi with treasure, prepared to surrender to Xerxes if the Persians win (163). Upload. 267: Book 6. Their refusal to bow and worship Xerxes; his refusal to execute them (136). The money paid for 200 war galleys, which had been intended to fight Aegina. The Histories Book 7. In Course Hero. Artabanus advises Xerxes not to make the Ionian Greeks in his army fight the Ionian Greeks of the mainland (e.g. A wealthy Lydian, Pythius, offers Xerxes his entire fortune for the war effort. Athos: location, engineering details, Xerxes' reasons for digging it (22-23). Hdt. 7.185-6). ; 79 Marians, Colchians, etc. 61 Persians; 62 Medes; 63 Assyrians; 64 Bactrians and Sacae; 65 Indians; 66 Arians and Parthians; 67 Caspians, Sarangae and Pactyes; 68 Utians, etc. The Thespians insist on fighting with Leonidas, and the Thebans are compelled to do so (222). And you may consider this statement to be valid for my entire work. Cavalry commanders; the accident of Pharnuches (88). Course Hero, "Histories Study Guide," February 7, 2019, accessed December 22, 2020, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Histories/. The crossing of the Hellespont is described (55). Selected pages. The admirals and other naval champions. He remains the leading source of original information not only for Greek history between 550 and 479 BCE but also for much of that of western Asia and of Egypt at that time. I didn’t intend to spend so much time on The Histories but I am glad I did. A last minute impulse to retreat is quelled by Leonidas (207). The Histories Herodotus TRANSLATED BY GEORGE RAWLINSON BOOK 1 THESE are the researches of Herodotus of Halicarnassus, which he publishes, in the hope of thereby preserving from decay the remembrance of what men have done, and of preventing the great and wonderful actions of the Greeks and the Barbarians from losing their due meed of glory; and withal to put on record what were their … Glory and Honor . Brief history of Persia - tiny index to Herodotus. to join Xerxes (174). The Egyptian revolt is crushed (7). The Spartan reply: the truce is to be referred to their government; the Argive king may be a third general of equal rank with the two Spartan kings. How Leonidas got to be king of Sparta on his brothers' deaths. The roster of the Greek contingents at Thermopylae (201-3). Other cavalry contingents; cavalry, chariots, and camels (86). Cunning, Disguise, and Self-Restraint. Online books about this author are available, as is a Wikipedia article.. Herodotus: An Account of Egypt, trans. The Athenian ambassador asserts Athenian command of the Panhellenic naval forces. by Andrew Lang, trans. 89 - Phoenicians and Egyptians; 90 - Cyprians; 91 - Cilicians and Pamphylians; 92 - Lycians; 93 - Asiatic Dorians; 94 - Ionians; 95 - Aeolians. The envoys are dismissed by Gelon (162). (137). Word Count: 155. Xerxes has Leonidas's head cut off and put on a pike. They are good fighters and have chosen their ground well. Quotation of verse inscriptions (epitaphs) from Thermopylae (228). Xerxes' decision and preparation to invade Greece. Themistocles' correct interpretation of the oracle and its reference to Salamis. 8-9. Others refused to comply. Gelon refuses to aid the Greeks. In the world's first history textbook (so to speak), Herodotus chronicles the wars between Persia and Greece - and so much more. Xerxes is urged to stay home even if the army goes; Mardonius is challenged to stake his sons' lives on the outcome (10). Book seven of the histories of Herodotus. Doriscus is described (58-59). Herodotus was an ancient Greek historian who lived in the fifth century BC (c.484 - … How the Spartans atoned for this impiety: two Spartans, Sperthias and Bulis, were sent to Persia to be executed (134). The passage of the army through Chalcidice; the fabulous attack of the lions on the camels (124-26). Since I have only provided an … Accessed December 22, 2020. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Histories/. Xerxes accepts his brother's strategy, but rejects the accusations against Demaratus (237). Two Greek triremes on patrol are captured by the Persians, and a young marine is murdered (180). While they all knew it was coming, they didn’t see it in the same way. Evidence for this on the authority of Callias the Athenian (150-51). Xerxes and Artabanus meditate on human life; the central theme is the uncertainty of human success (45-46). Books. Chapter Summary for Herodotus's Histories, book 7 the battle of thermopylae summary. Retrieved December 22, 2020, from https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Histories/. Xerxes prepares to crush Egypt, ignore Greece; his cousin Mardonius advises him to punish the Greeks, and get revenge on Athens for Marathon (5). The Histories of Herodotus of Halicarnassus is considered the first work of history in Western literature. February 7, 2019. Queen Artemisia of Halicarnassus; her wisdom and courage (99). The Spartan troops are overwhelmed at last by superior numbers (225). An illustration of a person's head and chest. G. C. Macaulay, [1890], full text etext at sacred-texts.com. Summary Herodotus opens by stating he wishes to record the deeds of the past, and that he wants to show how the war between the Greeks and Persians began. En route from Cappadocia to Sardis, the army stops at Celaenae (26). Book 9. Leonidas learns that he is about to be surrounded. Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Study Guide of “Histories” by Herodotus. Summary. The Histories summary I may be obliged to tell what is said, but I am not at all obliged to believe it. Themes and Colors Key LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Odyssey, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. ; 69 Arabians and near-Egyptian Ethiopians; 70 Eastern or Libyan Ethiopians; 71 Libyans; 72 Paphlagonians and Cappadocians; 73 Phrygians; 74 Lydians; 75 Thracians; 76 Pisidians? His argument rests on the fact that it is an Athenian fleet and an Athenian strategy that lead to the victories that follow. The Greeks send forth an envoy to Gelon, the ruler of Sicily. An embassy is sent to Gelon, tyrant of Syracuse. 's opinion (173). Xerxes doubts him, and is sure the Greeks will retreat (209). And they send the fleet to guard Artemisium. The Greeks decide to play to their strengths: the Spartans, strong on the land, block a defensible pass at Thermopylae. Family history of Leonidas, the Spartan basileusand commander (204). 1. The Persian fleet sails south into the bay of Pagasae, and puts in at Aphetae; how Aphetae got its name from the Argonauts (193). Vastness of Xerxes' expeditionary force; comparisons to great armies of the past. His generosity is rewarded (27-29). Persian troops cross via the Anopaia Pass, and prepare to surprise Leonidas in the rear (217). Book 7 Darius Dies--Xerxes King; Invasion Of Thrace, Thessalia; Athens And Sparta Unite; Shipwrecks Of Persians; Leonidas' Defeat At Thermopylae * Darius is enraged at Athenian victory and vows to march on Greece * Demaratus (from Sparta) promotes Xerxes to succeed his father Darius on Darius' death {485} Mardonius also promotes war on Greece. The author of the contingents of the construction of just such a following. Take care of their hair and appearance prior to the rendez-vous at Therma ( 127 ) ( 232 ),. 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