Yes. This waterless toilet uses an electric fan to draw fresh air in and push odors out, helping to keep smells at bay. A compost toilet requires no water, plumbing, pipes, vents, drains, electricity, or urine separation. If you have ever been on a camping trip, you are sure to … For a tiny home or boat, look for a compact model with a smaller waste tank. While this seems counterintuitive, the composting toilets that use water consume very little with each flush—far less than a standard residential toilet. This is passing human disease on to others. There’s a great overview of these bacteria here. The composting process involves decomposing of the organic matter, to turn the waste into a compost-like material. When full, remove the tank and empty the manure. This guide will help you make that decision and describe why the following products are among the best composting toilets available. Compost toilets depend on aerobic bacteria to break down waste, similar to that of outdoor composting. Moderate amounts of toilet paper should be fine. This process leads to the decomposition of organic matter and turns human waste into compost-like material, but does not destroy all pathogens. Alternatively, you can keep the waste in the chamber to cure. Composting toilets are completely sanitary and safe to use as long as they are ventilated properly. They separate liquids from solids, allowing the bacteria to feed upon the organic compounds in each. The tank is large enough for around three weeks of use by an average-size family. It may, however, require an additional electric kit to wire it for 12V power in a boat or camper. It has a 12V fan and comes with a 5-foot vent hose for removing gases. The Human Humus Machine is one of the few composting toilets in domestic use that is insulated and can attain temperatures significantly above ambient temperature. Keep the following considerations in mind to make the best choice of composting toilet for your needs. The directions that come with the toilet will have suggestions for vent-pipe sizes and heights. They connect to a system of pipes that take the waste to a central bio-drum, hopper, or tank, which is where composting takes place. When searching for the best composting toilet, how many people will be using it should determine how big of a tank is required. A composting toilet may be an expensive commercial device or a homemade toilet in which waste is collected in buckets. The hoppers are a benefit because they significantly increase the amount of compost they can hold. In fact, it takes so long that the sludge in pit latrines can contaminate ground water and become a public health risk. This waterless self-contained composting toilet has an electric fan to exchange gases, operating on both 110V in a house or on a 12V system in a boat or motorhome. Experts recommend that waste removed from a composting toilet or waterless toilet sit undisturbed in a compost bin outside for between 6 months and 2 years. Operated properly, they break down the waste to 10 to 30% of its original size, and create an end product of rich humus. Very little or no water is used in it, and composting is done by aerobic bacteria. There’s not much you can do about this if your bathroom is in a bucket. If this is the case, when the compost has broken down sufficiently and looks like topsoil, you can use it … The leftover waste is what needs to be removed. For example, composting slows down drastically at temperatures less than 50F. Instead, those excretions are humbly collected, fed to … Disclosure: “As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.”, © 2020. How Do Composting Toilets Work? Simply put, composting toilets are a category of toilets that use a biological process we refer to as composting, to treat human waste. Humanure composters can stand under the stars at night gazing at the heavens, and know that, when nature calls, their excretions will not foul the planet. You can check out our reviews of the best composting toilets here. This 11 minute video provides a brief overview on the toilet and the processes. Humans are the only animals that deliberately mix water with their waste … a composting toilet on an ecological farm. It’s a great read, very informative, and will give you the confidence to start using  your own composting toilet. Once you have finished reading this book, you'll feel guilt at going against complete common sense and doing your business in drinking water, in effect poisoning your own water supply which must be cleaned with poisonous chlorine! Many people like to add the waste from their composting toilets to an already established compost pile to continue the composting process with some additional organic waste. The only issue is that they can be very expensive (in the thousands of dollars). This humus must legally be buried or removed by a Composting toilets hold waste in a tank and allow aerobic bacteria to break it down to a material similar to rich, moist soil. Solid objects like glass, chunks of wood, and cloth will sit in your pit for extended periods of time and will not easily turn into compost like the human waste. You agree that BobVila.com may process your data in the manner described by our Privacy Policy. Fill it to half of its capacity with sawdust, twigs, and dry … One such idea is getting a composting toilet, which utilizes aerobic bacteria to break down human waste and eventually make it useful like outdoor compost. Unlike other travel models that still need emptying into a sewer, the self-contained GTG produces the same type of compost as other, much larger toilets. Environmentally Friendly A compost toilet recycles human fecal material and urine. It is not a waste disposal device used to dispose of “waste,” as is a water toilet. Composting toilets use bacteria to break down human waste. It seems insane that we waste so much valuable nutrients this way. The waste tank is large enough for two adults to use full-time, which will require emptying every four to six weeks. Many people are deciding to shirk the wasteful ways of the water closet and reclaim responsibility for their own waste … enter the composting toilet. The problem with these simple DIY composting toilets is that they don’t always create ideal conditions for composting. If you don’t want to use your compost for your lawn and garden, check with your local code enforcement about disposal. Immediately cover the human waste on the compost pile with a layer of dried leaves, or shredded brown pine straw, or … Composting toilets like this one are simple to use, but come with a high price tag. Primal Survivor™, The Humanure Handbook: A Guide to Composting Human Manure, https://www.civildefence.govt.nz/assets/Uploads/CDEM-Resilience-Fund/CDEM-Resilience-Fund-2012-01-final-report.pdf, http://www.daengineering.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/OffgridPlumbingDesign.pdf, https://www.compostingtoilet.com/LITRACK/ap_guide.pdf, https://www.milkwood.net/2010/11/23/the-most-lovable-loo-in-the-west/, https://www.milkwood.net/2011/04/18/compost-toilet-specifics-the-bins/, Next-Level Preparedness: Best Toilet Paper Alternatives, Your 3 Best Emergency Toilet Options for When the Plumbing Goes Down, When Every Drop Counts: How to Wash Your Hands without Running Water, Survival Books and Movies For Education and Entertainment, Handles for rotating the waste chamber so it stays oxygenated, Vents and fans for aerating waste and removing odors, Flush levers which open/close the chamber so smells can’t escape when it’s not in use, Drains and evaporating chambers which keep moisture levels low, Closed chambers which trap the heat produced naturally by composting microbes, Multi-chamber systems so composting can be completed in a finishing chamber. Single-ply is probably best, but most composting toilets won’t have an issue since toilet paper is biodegradable. The Sun-Mar Excel Electric Waterless Composting Toilet is worth looking into when shopping for an eco-friendly model. If anaerobic bacteria are allowed to thrive though, then things get nasty. This depends on how often you’re supplying the toilet with fresh waste. Urine contains too much nitrogen, and this will cause anaerobic bacteria to take over instead of the aerobic ones that we want for composting. Contrary to popular belief, these toilets are very hygienic and odorless. Operated properly, they break down the waste to 10 to 30% of its original size, and create an end product of rich humus. Photograph: predragmilos/Alamy. If you follow a few simple steps, you will be able to compost human waste safely and easily, with zero odor. The composting process is essential to eliminating disease from human waste, which is why it is essential to choose a toilet that has an effective composting and waste disposal system. Following this, decomposition or composting occurs. They are easy to build and function. It diverts urine into an easily removed tank and features a side-mounted “spider” handle for churning the solid waste inside the tank. It’s lightweight at only 34 pounds, making it easy to install. They keep the temperature set so composting occurs faster. 15 full color in-depth survival, off grid and prepping guides. This type of portable toilet does not use water to complete the composting process. https://www.civildefence.govt.nz/assets/Uploads/CDEM-Resilience-Fund/CDEM-Resilience-Fund-2012-01-final-report.pdf http://www.daengineering.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/OffgridPlumbingDesign.pdf https://www.compostingtoilet.com/LITRACK/ap_guide.pdf. Liquid waste evaporates and sterile urine is stored in containers. The kit provides the toilet, adapters for both 110V and 12V power, and all the parts for direct venting and for tying the liquid drain into a gray water system. July 31, 2020. Watch on YouTube. A portable toilet and a composting one may seem similar, but there are some very significant differences. by Moanna , 2020 Apprentice "Carelessly dumping waste out into the world is a self-centered act of arrogance. The plastic is strong enough to support the weight of an adult as they sit on the toilet. The GTG is a waterless toilet with a 12V-powered fan. Safe use of human waste from a composting toilet. No. If you want to learn more about humanure, read our post about how composting toilets work. Composting toilets handle human waste by composting and dehydrating it on-site. Some self-contained systems are portable, which works for camping trips or boat rides, and can be set up in a space where plumbing won’t reach, like a workshop or garage. Because human waste is mostly made out of water, when it evaporates it loses a lot of its volume and becomes a lot more manageable. Extreme Composting: Using Human Waste to Enhance Soil in Case Studies from Around the World. You may have read about these when setting up your compost pile – like mesophilic and thermophilic bacteria. It is not legal. When it comes to a durable, easy-to-use composting toilet, it’s tough to beat this Nature’s Head model. using human waste compost in your vegetable garden is hazardous to your health. When the tank fills, empty it just like a self-contained toilet. They separate liquids from solids, allowing the bacteria to feed upon the organic compounds in each. The bacteria in your composting toilet will begin breaking down waste immediately, and it should take a few weeks to fill with humanure. There are also many other features to love about commercial composting toilets, like: These features make using a compost toilet nearly foolproof. These models are designed to be especially compact and can be used when camping and in numerous outdoor locations. As aerobic bacteria compost waste, they produce heat. You can use a spray bottle with vinegar in it to clean the bowl of any waste which remained. Rather than flushing it away to become some chemicalized water quality nightmare, composting toilets recycle the nutrients in human waste, and turn it into safe … But some advanced portable composting toilets even have temperature sensors and regulators in them. The contents of the compost toilet won’t be fully composted yet and thus not safe to dump in your yard. Even if you think the idea of composting your own toilet waste is far too outlandish for you. This also makes it exceptionally more dangerous to clean a pit out, especially if there are any sharp objects in there. This removes the principle objection many people have to composting toilets. After the composting … Still, it’s a worthy investment if you are planning on going off-grid or prepping for disasters. Composting toilets use bacteria to break down human waste. Human waste is the only thing that should be going down your toilet. While camping, you could dig a deep hole for the solid waste. They are very efficient in turning waste into compost. They can be an attractive solution for permanent off-grid or eco-conscious homes, but the setup makes these composting toilets a poor choice for portability. Don’t worry – we’re going to provide you with the inspiration and tools you need to create a great cheap composting toilet. Many work with a home’s 110V system, while some work with both 110V AC and 12V DC from a car or RV battery. OK, you’ve gotten your disposable gloves and dust mask on, you’ve harvested your first pile of compost from your composting toilet and now you’re wondering “what can I do with the waste from my composting toilet?”. A portable toilet does nothing of the sort. It's designed to collect toilet material for composting in a separate location. https://www.milkwood.net/2010/11/23/the-most-lovable-loo-in-the-west/ https://www.milkwood.net/2011/04/18/compost-toilet-specifics-the-bins/. It weighs just under 30 pounds, a plus for portability, and measures 24 inches deep by 15.75 inches wide and 19.8 inches tall, so it will fit in most bathrooms of tiny homes, RVs, and campers without issue. Split systems are much more expensive than self-contained composters, as they require a hopper, usually installed below the toilet. Solid objects like glass, chunks of wood, and cloth will sit in your pit for extended periods of time and will not easily turn into compost like the human waste. You Can Compost Human Waste! Benefits of a Composting Toilet This means that by both me and Jerud peeing in a composting toilet, we save 38 gallons of drinkable water in 3 days. To humanure or to not humanure that is the question! But they can put quite a dent in your wallet. The process of dilution takes place and later on, this is used as fertilizers. Attach a bucket to each of the chambers. You will have to place them in a compost bin to complete composting. Composting toilets take up a bit more floor space than a traditional toilet, and they don’t have an additional holding tank to contend with. Composting toilets work by evaporating liquid and controlling solid waste decomposition. This unusual kind of toilet uses aerobic bacteria to break down human waste and stows it in a neat, easy-to-remove package. Here are the answers to some important frequently asked questions. The compost chamber should be emptied when nearly full. While the fan uses 12V power, it can convert to 110V with a kit purchased directly from Nature’s Head.