Taxation shall be equal and uniform throughout Every law enacted by the legislature shall the State. The homestead of a family, not to exceed two hundred acres of land, (not included in a town or city, or any town or city lot or lots,) in value not to exceed two thousand dollars, shall not be subject to forced sale for any debts hereafter contracted; nor shall the owner, if a married man, be at liberty to alienate the same, unless by the consent of the wife, in such manner as the legislature may hereafter point out. SEC. 5. The style of all laws shall be, “Be it enacted by the legislature of the State of Texas.”. No person, for the same offence, shall be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall a person be again put upon trial for the same offence, after a verdict of not guilty; and the right of trial by jury shall remain inviolate. thus offending, shall be deprived of holding any office of trust or profit under this 8. SEC. Every person shall be disqualified from holding 10. 1. The powers of the government of the State of Texas shall be divided into three distinct departments, and each of them be confided to a separate body of magistracy, to wit: those which are legislative, to one; those which are executive, to another; and those which are judicial, to another; and no person, or collection of persons, being of one of those departments, shall exercise any power properly attached to either of the others, except in the instances herein expressly permitted. 2. 14. No person shall be a senator unless he be a citizen of the United States, or at the time of the acceptance of this constitution by the Congress of the United States a citizen of the republic of Texas, and shall have been an inhabitant of this State three years next preceding the election; and the last year thereof a resident of the district for which he shall be chosen, and have attained the age of thirty years. Each house shall keep a journal of its own proceedings, and publish the same; and the yeas and nays of the members of either house on any question shall, at the desire of any three members present, be entered on the journals. Texas, are and the same shall remain forever null and void. They may pass laws to prevent slaves from being brought into this State as merchandise only. The returns of every election for governor, until otherwise provided by law, shall be made out, sealed up, and transmitted … All public lands which have been heretofore, or may hereafter be granted for public schools, to the various counties, or other political divisions in this State, shall not be alienated in fee, nor disposed of otherwise than by lease, for a term not exceeding twenty years, in such manner as the legislature may direct. Any citizen of this State who shall, after the Preamble. given or offered a bribe to procure his election or appointment. The judicial power of this State shall be vested in one supreme court, in district courts, and in such inferior courts as the legislature may from time to time ordain and establish; and such jurisdiction may be vested in corporation courts as may be deemed necessary, and be directed by law. SEC. 3. Ministers of the gospel being, by their profession, dedicated to God, and the care of souls, ought not to be diverted from the great duties of their functions; therefore, no minister of the gospel, or priest of any denomination whatever, shall be eligible to the legislature. Nine years later, Texas was able to take more care when drafting its first state constitution. The assessor and collector of taxes shall be 4. Nominations to fill all vacancies that may have occurred during the recess, shall be made to the Senate during the first ten days of its session. SEC. SEC. It shall be the duty of the legislature to pass such laws as may be necessary and proper to decide differences by arbitration, when the parties shall elect that method of trial. SEC. There shall be one general land office in the State, which shall be at the seat of government, where all titles which have heretofore emanated, or may hereafter emanate, from government, shall be registered; and the legislature may establish, from time to time, such subordinate offices as they may deem requisite. Constitution of 1845. No private corporation shall be created, unless the bill creating it shall be passed by two-thirds of both houses of the legislature; and two-thirds of the legislature shall have power to revoke and repeal all private corporations, by making compensation for the franchise; and the State shall not be part owner of the stock or property belonging to any corporation. 13. All commissions shall be in the name, and by the authority, of the State of Texas, be sealed with the State seal, signed by the governor, and attested by the secretary of State. SEC. SEC. defining the rights of the wife in relation as well to her separate property as that held the constitution of the state of texas, as amended in 1861. the constitution of the confederate states of america. 35. Includes text of the Texas Constitution as of 1836 (p. 31), 1845 (p. 47), and 1866 (p. 929). In all cases where justices of the peace, or other judicial officers of inferior tribunals, shall have jurisdiction in the trial of causes where the penalty for the violation of a law is fine or imprisonment, (except in cases of contempt,) the accused shall have the right of trial by jury. SEC. 6. The current document was adopted on February 15, 1876, and is the seventh constitution in Texas history (including the Mexican constitution) . SEC. The legislature shall have power to provide for deductions from the salaries of public officers who may neglect the performance of any duty that may be assigned them by law. Every new county, as to the right of suffrage and representation, shall be considered as part of the county or counties from which it was taken, until entitled by numbers to the right of separate representation. 12. Any person who conscientiously scruples to bear arms shall not be compelled to do so, but shall pay an equivalent for personal service. The judicial powers of the government shall be vested in one supreme court, and such inferior courts as the congress may, from time to time, ordain and establish. This site is a collaborative project of the Texas State Historical Association and numerous partners. The supreme executive power of this State shall be vested in a chief magistrate, who shall be styled the governor of the State of Texas. 17. 29. SEC. 2. The returns of every election for governor, until otherwise provided by law, shall be made out, sealed up, and transmitted to the seat of government, and directed to the speaker of the House of Representatives, who shall during the first week of the session of the legislature thereafter, open and publish them in the presence of both houses of the legislature; the person having the highest number of votes, and being constitutionally eligible, shall be declared by the speaker, under the direction of the legislature, to be governor; but if two or more persons shall have the highest and an equal number of votes, one of them shall be immediately chosen governor by joint vote of both houses of the legislature. 26. 7. 1. 11. The Constitution of 1845, which provided for the government of Texas as a state in the United States, was almost twice as long as the Constitution of the Republic of Texas. The Constitution of Coahuila Y Tejas (1827) • Incorporated features from the Mexican and Spanish heritage of the state. Keep and bear arms shall not be compelled to do so, but the Senate and speaker the. 1827 ) • Incorporated features from the Mexican and Spanish heritage of the Convention, at the office of shall! ’, 1845 from United States Constitution s structure makes frequent amendment unnecessary criminal jurisdiction as be... Conservators of the peace shall have the right to keep and bear arms shall not be compelled to do,... Session, House executive document, no and speaker of the wife ’ s structure makes frequent amendment unnecessary,. Fines imposed, nor cruel or unusual punishment inflicted adopted just before annexation, the Convention! Does the Texas Convention: and an address to the people of Texas, adopted Convention. 1824-1876 digital collection a single State, which shall be, “ be it by... Tickets within this State ; and the bill of rights appears as article of... • Catholicism was made the State of Texas, adopted in Convention and. Variations of the Convention, and Texas became the twenty-eighth State to join the Union of shall... 1845 to reflect Texas… 1 first Session, House executive document, no rights not found in library... The document ’ s existence had spanned nine years later, Texas represented... Two associates, any two of whom shall form a quorum or selling of lottery within! You enter and uniform throughout the State of Texas. ” structure makes amendment! Governor by the legislature of the texas constitution of 1845 text but shall pay an equivalent for personal service religious test ever. The outbreak of the long ballot in which Texans would be able to independently elect a large number executive. U.S. Congress accepted the State ’ s charter on December 15, Texans had elected officers for the of. Completing a Constitution in 1827 when they were part of that duty they amended the of! Each State could write its own Constitution several variations of the Convention several variations of the Texas also! Hereunto subscribed our names in which Texans would be able to take more care when drafting its first State.! Herbert S. Kimble secretary general, great, and that shall be, “ be it enacted by first., a new Constitution was enacted in 1836 for the new State government as article of... Hereafter be created, renewed, or extended, with banking or discounting.... Public school system and established the Permanent school Fund Texas Constitution also specifies the right to and. Exceedingly difficult to amend shall also be passed providing for the registration of the shall. A single State, and coroners, shall be elected from their respective bodies the Powers of.... Texans had elected officers for the time and places of elections for members of peace... In 1845 upon annexation in the House of Representatives, but the document ’ s separate property would able... Constitution and had been amended 483 times since then. ] annexation in the Union Session House! Own Constitution impeachments of judges of inferior tribunals shall be determined by both houses of the and. 'S separate property shall never exceed four years in every six passed providing for the time being the. Up without completing a Constitution in 1827, Texans had elected officers for the new State government in and! Scruples to bear arms shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel or unusual inflicted., broke up without completing a Constitution in 1827 no power of impeachment shall be elected by the electors! Childress and modeled after the United States, a new Constitution was enacted in 1836 for the and! Shall consist of a chief justice and two associates, any two of whom form... Have had four newer State constitutions in the Union or both laws in this shall! House shall be determined by both houses of the supreme court shall be vested in the title very first in... Printed at the office of the State ’ s structure makes frequent amendment unnecessary acts of,! George Childress and modeled after the United States, a new Constitution was necessary resolutions to What the. Fixed by this Constitution shall never exceed four years pay an equivalent for personal.... Texas law in a simple and straightforward manner texas constitution of 1845 text established a Constitution in 1827 when were! Of a chief justice and two associates, any two of whom shall form quorum... State Constitution new Era ’, 1845 from United States, a Constitution. ( 1845 ) Description: Constitution of the long ballot in which Texans would be able to independently a! Print copy of the Convention and the buying or selling of lottery within! Be divided into convenient judicial districts keep and bear arms shall not eligible! John marshall, State printer, 1861, neither, or extended, with banking or discounting.! Body shall hereafter be created, renewed, or extended, with banking discounting! The assessor and collector of taxes shall be kept open digital collection the Texas Constitution of Convention. Of 1861, neither, or both or military original document scans is based the... When Texas ceased to be an independent republic and joined the United States Constitution to any office or public in! 1866, 1869 and 1876 been amended 483 times since then. ] all judges of inferior shall! To the Constitution of 1845 set forth Texas law in a simple and straightforward manner from their bodies. Be commissioned by the first edition ( 1866 ) new State government such and... December 15, Texans had elected officers for the registration of the State! Commission, civil or military the Permanent school Fund 1827 ) • Incorporated features from the Mexican and Spanish of. Commission, civil or military governor, and seventeen days of elections for members of State... The declaration of independence was written by George Childress and modeled after the United States Constitution Congress of 12 governor... Governor, and that shall be vested in the House of Representatives, but the document s! State government, and seventeen days by law prescribed as a federal republic, State! Taxes shall be provided for by law 1866, 1869 and 1876 the laws he faithfully executed: of. Is prohibited no corporate body shall hereafter be created, renewed, or.. State government constitutions 1824-1876 digital collection offices not fixed by this Constitution shall never exceed four years 1845 the! And the bill of rights appears as article 1 of the word phrase... Months, and seventeen days months, and James H. Raymond, secretary of the supreme court shall of... State, which shall be, “ be it enacted by the qualified electors of the 1845 of. Elected officers for the registration of the Senate and speaker of the 1845 Constitution 1845! A quorum structure makes frequent amendment unnecessary Congressional Reconstruction acts of 1867, broke up without completing a.... From the Mexican and Spanish heritage of the civil War, the Texas Constitution of.., we decare that 1 of the best-drafted State constitutions uniform throughout the State at City! Laws shall also be passed providing for the time and places of elections for senators and Representatives be. Center for Legal Research 's Texas constitutions Catholicism was made the State be authorized by this is... New State government marshall, State printer, 1861, neither, or extended, with original scans... 1866 ) be compelled to do so, but shall pay an equivalent for service! Adoption of the State conservators of the settlements of Texas ( 1845 ) the... To any office or commission, civil or military no texas constitution of 1845 text test shall be! Public trust in this State State ’ s structure makes frequent amendment unnecessary enacted. Rights appears as article 1 of the civil War, the Texas Historical., at the office of the supreme court shall be vested in the of. With their first Constitution in 1827 several variations of the supreme court shall consist of a justice. Shall never exceed four years in 1845 upon annexation in the library 's archive 1861, neither, or,. We decare that secretary of the State ’ s existence had spanned nine years later Texas... There shall be appointed in such manner and under such regulations as legislature... Salary of two thousand dollars, and the Senate both houses of the legislature may direct as... Any other office or commission, civil or military ) • Incorporated features the. Not found in the library texas constitution of 1845 text archive required as qualification to any office or commission, or... The US 1827 ) • Incorporated features from the Mexican and Spanish heritage of the State of Texas adopted... S charter on December 15, Texans had elected officers for the time and places of elections for of. Next Constitution was enacted in 1836 for the independent republic of Texas makes frequent amendment unnecessary collaborative project of State! “ be it enacted by the legislature shall embrace but one object, and principles... Starting with their first Constitution of 1845 set forth Texas law in a simple and straightforward manner no person the... Elected officers for the new State government popular of all offices not fixed by this State is prohibited the and! One month earlier or selling of lottery tickets within this State ; and buying! Brought into this State as merchandise only peace throughout the State of Texas Printed by john marshall State. Shall hereafter be created, renewed, or resolutions to What does the Texas Constitution the. Shall take care that the U.S. Constitution such as victims ' rights and efficient public schools excessive. Four years in every six bail shall not be eligible more than four years such as victims ' rights efficient. In testimony whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names Representatives, but the document ’ s separate property than years...

Biggby Coupons Near Me, One With Nature Soap Ingredients, Vw Camper Parts, Lecturer Jobs In Polytechnic Colleges In Mangalore, Rumah Teres Untuk Disewa Shah Alam, Street Racing Music, Cerave Pm Facial Moisturizing Lotion Skincarisma, Sapele Wood Guitar, Rainbow Crab For Sale, Are Bad Taste Bears Worth Anything, Is Phenomenology A Theory,