Adansonia scutula Steud. All Baobabs are deciduous trees ranging in height from 5 to 20 meters. The other Adansonia species all have 2n = 88. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. To increase your intake of antioxidants, try including antioxidant-rich foods like berries, dark, leafy greens and other vibrantly colored fruits and vegetables in your daily diet. Baobab seed oil has been used in topical skin applications since ancient times and has long been known to offer natural benefits to our skin. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. In addition, practitioners of traditional African medicine often use baobab fruit to curb inflammation. Baobab is now considered an autotetraploid that has undergone aneuploid reduction from 4x = 176 to 2n = 160. Traditionally, in many countries, various parts of the Adansonia digitata (A. digitata) tree have been used in the treatment of many clinical ailments including diarrhea and dysentery.The phytochemical screening has indicated that the leaf extract of A. digitata contains flavonoids, saponins, mucilage, steroids, and alkaloids. Applied in a magical sense. Baobab (Adansonia digitata) is a tree native to certain tropical regions in Africa, including South Africa, Botswana, and Mozambique. Copyright © 2015 Hainan Medical University. "A Baobab Solution for the Prevention and Treatment of Acute Dehydration in Infantile Diarrhea." Ethnobotanical Uses: Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits, Edible Leaves, Edible Seeds, Edible Roots) The bark, leaves, flesh, and seeds of this tree are commonly used in a variety of foods in addition to skincare products. It is called “ K alp v riksh a ” in India and has mythological significance in India and elsewhere. International Common Names Inaccurate counts are common in the Bombacaceae because the chromosomes are small and numerous. Chemical and nutrient analysis of baobab (Adansonia digitata) fruit and seed protein solubility. Arno Kroner, DAOM, LAc, is a board-certified acupuncturist, herbalist, and integrative medicine doctor practicing in Santa Monica, California. Adansonia integrifolia Raf. Chromosome numbers reported for Adansonia digitata are 96, 128, 144 and 160. Baobab-containing products are often marketed as a rich source of antioxidants. The plants main feature are the thick tree-like stems. LOCAL NAMES: Ose, Igi-ose, kukaa, kulambali, Gorakh-imli. The plant parts are used to treat various ailments such as diarrhoea, malaria and microbial infections [ 4 ]. Traditional Medicinal Uses of Adansonia digitata Indications: Administered to people only. Mulaudzi RB, Ndhlala AR, Kulkarni MG, et al. Dakar Med. Osman MA. Can Ivy Gourd Treat Diabetes and High Cholesterol? How Cranberries Can Help Different Health Conditions. Adansonia digitata are large deciduous trees with a large thick trunk (possibly the thickest in the world) that is thick-boled (bottle-shaped) reach a diameter of 10-14 m (33-46 ft). View abstract. Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life. Spreng. Phytochemical investigation revealed the presence of flavonoids, phytosterols, amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins and minerals. congolensis A.Chev. "Chemical and Nutrient Analysis of Baobab (Adansonia Digitata) Fruit and Seed Protein Solubility." Genus Adansonia is named after Michel Adanson (1727 - 1806), who was a French botanist in Senegal and author of the book, Familles des plantes. It is a massive, deciduous tree up to 25 m in height and may live for hundreds of years. J Ethnopharmacol 2011;135:330-7. Foundation Project: Supported by University Grant Commission, New Delhi, India [Grant No. Adansonia scutula Steud. This study was carried out to investigate the native uses and nutritional content (peoximate composition and minerals profile) of the leaf, pulp and seed of A. digitata L. (Baoba). Often marketed as a "superfruit," baobab is typically touted as a rich source of antioxidants. Usually solitary individuals surviving well in dry climates and tolerating fire. Baobab is a multi-purpose tree which offers protection and provides food, clothing and medicine as well as raw material for many useful items. For instance, baobab is sometimes said to contain greater amounts of vitamin C than oranges and other citrus fruits. The available research includes a 2009 report published in Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. The plants main feature is known to be the largest succulent in the world. Baobab [Adansonia digitata] Other names include boab, boaboa, tabaldi, bottle tree, upside-down tree, and monkey bread tree. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. Trees have also been introduced to other regions such as Asia. Her work is regularly featured in media such as First For Women, Woman's World, and Natural Health. Chromosome numbers reported for Adansonia digitata are 96, 128, 144 and 160. The Baobab tree is a strange looking tree that grows in low-lying areas in Africa and Australia. If you want to add it to the cue, or if you can provide any additional information, photos or reliable use records of this muthi plant, please leave a comment below, or in The Muthi Flora of southern Africa Facebook group. Adansonia baobab Linnaeus; Adansonia digitata var. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Some proponents claim that, due to their antioxidant content, products made with baobab fruit can help slow the aging process and protect against major illnesses like heart disease and cancer. Some personal-care products contain baobab oil, which is extracted from the seeds of the baobab tree. Adansonia digitata L. (Malvaceae) is commonly known as baobab tree native to Africa. While baobab is generally considered safe, little is known about the safety of long-term use of supplements containing baobab. Antimicrobial properties and phenolic contents of medicinal plants used by the Venda people for conditions related to venereal diseases. Mulaudzi RB, Ndhlala AR, Kulkarni MG, et al. Furthermore, a lot of ancient cultures have mixed Adansonia Digitata seed oil in medicines that have been used to help people recover from a wide variety of ailments. The review summarizes the information on various aspects of traditional information, taxonomic description, medicinal properties and importantly nutritional value. The other Adansonia species all have 2n = 88. Baobab fruit contains fructose, a low glycemic index type of … Read our, Medically reviewed by Arno Kroner, DAOM, LAc, Medically reviewed by Lana Butner, ND, LAc, Medically reviewed by Richard N. Fogoros, MD, Verywell Health uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience and for our, Matt Fletcher / Lonely Planet Images / Getty Images, The Health Benefits of Grapefruit Seed Extract. The leaves are mostly green to … Latin Name Adansonia digitata Description. Chemical and nutrient analysis of baobab (Adansonia digitata) fruit and seed protein solubility. A semi-fluid gum obtained from baobab bark is used to treat sore throat (FAO, 1988). Adansonia digitata commonly known as baobab is the most widespread of the Adansonia species on the African continent, found in the hot, dry savannahs of sub-Saharan Africa. The fruit pulp, seeds, leaves, flowers, roots, and bark of baobab are edible and they have been studied by scientists for their useful properties. congolensis A. Chev. Adansonia digitata L. is a tree commonly called Baoba tree which is a native of African savannah widely distributed in arid zones of Sahara. Adansonia bahobab L.. Adansonia baobab Gaertn.. Adansonia integrifolia Raf.. Adansonia scutula Steud.. Adansonia situla Spreng.. Adansonia somalensis Chiov.. Adansonia sphaerocarpa A.Chev.. Adansonia sulcata A.Chev.. Baobabus digitata Kuntze. In traditional African medicine, baobab fruit is used to treat a number of illnesses (including asthma, fever, diarrhea, malaria, and smallpox). Young leaves eaten in soup, and as a pot herb. Inaccurate counts are common in the Bombacaceae because the chromosomes are small and numerous. You can get tips on using supplements. The Baobab (Adansonia digitata L., Malvaceae) tree, which has been used extensively as a source of food, fibre and medicine, is commonly referred to as “arbre a palabre”, meaning the place in the village where the elders meet to resolve problems (Kamatou et al., 2011). Baobab trees produce fruit with a powdery pulp found to contain high amounts of vitamin C. Often consumed as a food or added to beverages, baobab fruit is sometimes used for medicinal purposes. Adansonia bahobab L. Adansonia baobab Gaertn. Osman MA. The tree already faces a crisis of survival and is listed as an endangered species in the Red Data Book . NAME: Adansonia digitata FAMILY: Bombacaceae COMMON NAMES: Baobab, monkey-bread tree, upside-down tree, cream of tartar tree. Looking at data on the nutritional properties of baobab, the report's authors found that baobab fruit is rich in antioxidants, including vitamin C. However, since little is known about how efficiently the human body can absorb the antioxidants found in baobab fruit, the report's authors call for more research on the health effects of consuming baobab. The entirety of the tree has a myriad of botanical uses. Baobab has numerous biological properties including antimicrobial, anti-malarial, diarrhoea, anaemia, asthma, antiviral, anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities amongst others. Adansonia digitata (Malvaceae) (A. digitata) is a majestic tree revered in Africa for its medicinal and nutritional value. Cathy Wong is a nutritionist and wellness expert. To purchase Adansonia digitata as a remedy, please contact your homeopathic pharmacy. Growth and development Ophelus sitularius Lour. Its flowers, seeds, bark, and roots are collectively credited to treat malaria, dysentery, diarrhea, asthma, fever, inflammation, among other ailments. View abstract. Adansonia is a genus made up of eight species of medium to large deciduous trees known as baobabs (/ ˈ b eɪ oʊ ˌ b æ b /).Previously classified within the family Bombacaceae, they are now placed in the Malvaceae.They are native to Madagascar, mainland Africa and Australia. J Ethnopharmacol 2011;135:330-7. 2009 Mar;49(3):254-74. Is Adansonia Digitata (Baobab) Seed Oil good for my skin? Baobab is now considered an autotetraploid that has undergone aneuploid reduction from 4x = 176 to 2n = 160. Tal-Dia A, Toure K, Sarr O, Sarr M, Cisse MF, Garnier P, Wone I. Maintains Healthy Blood Sugar Levels. Available for purchase online, products containing baobab are sold in some natural-food stores and in stores specializing in dietary supplements. Acid pulp of fruit used by some pastoral tribes to curdle milk in the manufacture of kwatakwari. https://www.edenproject.com/learn/for-everyone/plant-profiles/baobab As the plant matures you can expect it to reach up to 25 m (82ft) tall. Baobabus digitata (L.) Kuntze; Ophelus sitularius Lour. The baobab used to belong to the family, Bombacaceae, but this is now generally regarded as a … Due to a lack of supporting research, it's too soon to recommend baobab for any health-related purpose. 1997;42(1):68-73. Continue shopping for PROVINGS Adansonia digitata L. belongs to the Bombacaceae family and is generally known as the African Baobab. Spreng. In addition, personal-care products containing baobab oil are available in some specialty-beauty shops. The fruit pulp have very high vitamin C, calcium, phosphorus, carbohydrates, fibers, potassium, proteins and lipids content, which can be used in seasoning as an appetizer and also make juices. Species digitata means hand-shaped and refers to the shape of the leaves. The bark produces strong fibers used in … Adansonia sulcata A. Chev. To date, very few scientific studies have tested the potential health benefits of baobab fruit. Adansonia situla (Lour.) Adansonia situla (Lour.) 2004 Winter;59(1):29-33. Osman MA. Also, the safety of supplements in pregnant women, nursing mothers, children, and those with medical conditions or who are taking medications has not been established. Food as medicines and medicines as food Adansonia digitatastem bark extract is been used in the treatment of stomach upset, diarrhoea, dysentery, antioxidant, antimaleria, antiinflammation. J Medi Arom Plant Sci 2001; 23: 429-34. Adansonia integrifolia Raf. "Baobab Food Products: a Review on Their Composition and Nutritional Value." Research shows that baobab seeds are rich in essential fatty acids (such as linoleic acid) that may help improve the skin. Seeds contain appreciable quantities of phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, sodium, iron, manganese, whereas they have high levels of lysine, thiamine, calcium and iron. Fruit pulp is edible and juice can be made from it. Self-treating a chronic condition with baobab and avoiding or delaying standard care may have serious consequences. Keep in mind that supplements haven't been tested for safety and due to the fact that dietary supplements are largely unregulated, the content of some products may differ from what is specified on the product label. Additionally, baobab fruit is sometimes used as an ingredient in skincare, hair-care, and body-care products. Ⓒ 2020 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved, Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Baobab (Adansonia digitata) is a tree native to certain tropical regions in Africa, including South Africa, Botswana, and Mozambique. Chadare FJ, Linnemann AR, Hounhouigan JD, Nout MJ, Van Boekel MA. Adansonia species Adansonia digitata Name Synonyms Adansonia bahobab L. Adansonia baobab Gaert. Baobab trees produce fruit with a powdery pulp found to contain high amounts of vitamin C. Often consumed as a food or added to beverages, baobab fruit is sometimes used for medicinal purposes. Baobab is also said to protect against inflammation-related conditions (including type 2 diabetes, arthritis, and allergies, as well as heart disease and cancer). Antimicrobial properties and phenolic contents of medicinal plants used by the Venda people for conditions related to venereal diseases. In tree: Trees of special interest …ground) are held by the baobab (Adansonia digitata) of Africa and the Mexican swamp cypress (Taxodium mucronatum).The baobab attains a maximum height of about 23 metres (75 feet); its barrel-shaped trunk attains a diameter of more than 5 metres (16 feet), but a few individuals range from 7.7 to… Baobab oil is made from the fruit seeds which are extracted and dried in the sun. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Adansonia Digitata is also commonly known as Baobab. Adansonia digitata (African baobab) ‘Baobab’ 1989 Proving of Adansonia digitata and materia medica available to buy as a downloadable pdf file. Adansonia sphaerocarpa A. Chev. Pulp of fruits used for food and food seasoning. Seeds eaten as food and mixed with millet (Panicum miliaceum) to produce a thin gruel. Baobab (Adansonia digitata L., Malvaceae) is a multi-purpose tree species native to Africa. In recent years, manufacturers have begun adding baobab fruit to juices, energy drinks, energy bars, and dietary supplements. F. 14-2(SC)/2010 (SA-III)]. Shukla YN, Dubey S, Jain SP, Kumar S. Chemistry, biology and uses of Adansonia digitata -a review. What Is Glutathione and What Are the Benefits? The common name baobab is derived from Arabic meaning "father of many seeds?. If you're considering baobab for a chronic condition, make sure to consult your physician before starting your supplement regimen. Furthermore, the fruit and leaves can be eaten as a good source of vitamin C, as well as the seeds and flowers for protein (FAO). USEFUL PART(s): Leaves, fruit pulp, bark GENERAL USE(s): The leaves are use as animal feed and pasture for ruminant animal. The name Adansonia was given to this tree to commemorate the French surgeon Michel Adanson (1727-1806); the species name digitata meaning hand-like, is in reference to the shape of the leaves. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. University Grant Commission, New Delhi, India. Adansonia baobab L., 1764 Adansonia digitata var. In an earlier report (published in Plant Foods for Human Nutrition in 2004), scientists determined that baobab fruit contains significant amounts of essential minerals (including calcium, potassium, and magnesium). Key words: Baobab, Adansonia digitata L., traditional use, phytochemistry, pharmacology, amino acids, fatty acids, minerals, vitamins, anti-nutritional factors Introduction Baobab or Adansonia digitata L. belongs to the Malvaceae family (Bremer et al., 2003) and is a deciduous tree native to arid Central Africa (Yazzie et al., 1994). Production and hosting by Elsevier (Singapore) Pte Ltd. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, https://doi.org/10.1016/S2221-1691(15)30174-X. Matures you can expect it to reach up to 25 m ( )! 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In media such as Asia to Africa report published in Critical Reviews in food Science and Nutrition research it... Soup, and body-care products make sure to consult your physician before your! Kukaa, kulambali, Gorakh-imli plant Sci 2001 ; 23: 429-34, is a board-certified,! The world tips that will help you live your healthiest life have tested the potential Health benefits of (. Phytochemical investigation revealed the presence of flavonoids, phytosterols, amino acids, fatty (... To contain greater amounts of vitamin C than oranges and other citrus fruits father., adansonia digitata uses, malaria and microbial infections [ 4 ] tree is a tree to. Medicinal and nutritional value. biological properties including antimicrobial, anti-malarial, diarrhoea, and... The largest succulent in the world said to contain greater adansonia digitata uses of vitamin C oranges... Composition and nutritional value. reduction from 4x = 176 to 2n = 88 that grows in areas...

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